爱游戏体育娱乐

杏苑医韵中医文化专题

中医知识

少私 清静 寡欲 乐观 庄子的养生思想

发布时间:2012-06-29 11:35:14

zhuangzi,benmingzhuangzhou,shiwoguozhanguoshiqijiechudezhexuejia,84suishouzhong,keyishuoshigudaidelaoshouxing。tazhongshengbushi,yizhiguozhepinkunshenghuo,youshishenzhiyibianzhicaoxieweisheng。tadezhexuezhuzuo《zhuangzi》,shiwoguogudaizhexuedezhongyaowenxian。zhuangzizhuzhang“wuwei”,shunqiziran,tongshiqiangdiaorenheshiwudoushixiangduide,tadezhangshouheyangshengjingyanyutadezhexueguannianshijinmixiangliande。

zhuangzizhuzhangyiqieshunqiziran。taderenshengtaidu,keyiyongbagezigaikuo,ji:shaosi、qingjing、guayu、leguan。tashenghuojianxin,“yidabuerbuzhi”,youshijiemihukou。duizheixietadoubaowusuoweidetaidu。tadeqizisile,huiziqudiaoyan。tabudanbuku,fanerzuozaishitipangbian,qiaozhewapenchangqilai。huizizhizetaweishenmebukuerge,tatanrandihuidashuo:“kaishiwoyehenbeitong,houlaizixiyixiang,renshizenyanglaidaozheigeshishang,youshizenyanglikaizheigeshijiedeni?yuanlairenshiyouqijiziranjiedefeishengmingwuzhibianhuaerlai,qijuchengxing,qisanzesi。xianzairendexingtiyisi,youjiangbianchengfeishengmingdewuzhile,guyigupenerge,huansongheqingzhuwodeqizizhongxinhuiguiziran。”zheifanhuaweibiquandui,danzhuangzichaoranhuodaderenshengtaiduqueshizhidetichangde。xianshishenghuozhong,ruguowomenyudaolingrenbuyukuaideshiqing,keyixuexizhuangzichaoranhuodaderenshengtaidulaiduidai。

shao si

zhuangzirenweisixinshibaibingzhigen。yigerenzhiyouxindiwusi,cainengxionghuaidazhi,bujijiaogerendegongminglilu,caihuizhizuchangle,tandangleguan;taozhuxianshengsuoyan“xindiwusitiandikuan”yeshizheigedaoli。

zhuangzishuo:“pingyitiandanzeyouhuanbunengru,xieqibunengxi,guqidequanershenbukui。”tarenwei,rennanyituolishisudezhiyou,renduiwuyude“sixin”shiwanezhiyuan,baibingzhigen。renyidanbei“sixin”zhangwo,jiuhuishiquzhengchangrendexintai,biandetandewuyan,jiubiranhuishangshenhaiming。yigerenruguonenggoubaochipingyitiandandexintai,“wuweierzhi”,meiyousiyuneimexieqijiubunengqinru,jiubuhuixinglaojingkuidaozhijilaochengji。tarenweizhiyouxinditandang,qidingshenxian,yipingchangxintaiduidairensheng,zhizuchanglecainengyishouyannian。

qing jing

zhuangzirenwei“wangwo、wuyu”,shibaochipingjingxintaidejichu,yeshishenxinjiankangdeqianti。zhiyouzuodaoqidingshenxian,wuyuwuqiu,yanghuhaojingshen,cainengbaochishentijiankangwujibing。xiandaiyixueyanjiurenwei,ruguoyigerenzhongrineixinhuanghuangjiuhuiyinqineifenmishidiao,zaochengmianyilixiajiang,biranhuibaibingcongsheng。

zhuangzitebiezhongshixiuxinyangxing,renweiyigerendexinjinghuiyingxiangdaorendejingshenmianmaoheshentizhuangkuang。yigerenyaozuodaoxinjingpinghe、chaoranzizai,henzhongyaodeyidianshibaochixinlipingheng。

zhuangzide《zaiyou》pianzhong“huangdiqiudao”jiangdeshihuangditingshuoguangchengzizaikongtongshanshangxiuxing,tongxiaoleyuzhoudadao,qianquqiujiaodegushi。guangchengziweiraoxinlixiuyang,xianghuangdijiangshulezijidejianjie,shijizheiyeshizhuangzidezhidaosixiang。tarenwei,xinlixiuyangzhezhongyulianggezi:jing、qing。jingyudong、qingyuzhuoshixiangduilide。dongzehuilaolei,laoleilejingqijiuhuiwaiyi;zhuozehuihunza,hunzaleshenqingjiubudeanning。weilebushijingloushenyou,jiuyaoshineixinqingjing,neixinbufanzao,waiwujiubuhuiganrao。zhongyixuerenwei,shenshirendeshengmingzhuzai,shenbuan,jiuhuiyingxiangrentidezhengchangshengminghuodong,shenyouxijing,zhiyoujingcainengyangshen,yigerenruoshizhengtianmangdeshenbushoushe,nanyudadaojingdezhuangtai,jiankangjiuhuishoudaoweixie。zheigeshihou,jiuyingdangtongguorenweidefangshi,xiangzhuangzishuodeqingjingyangshen,yidadaoshenjingdemude。

gua yu

zhuangzizai《zhuangzi·tiandi》lizhichurudewuzhongyuwangde“shixing”houguo:“yiyuewuseluanmu,shimubuming;eryuewushengluaner,shierbucong;sanyuewuchouxunbi,kunraozhongsang;siyuewuweizhuokou,shikoulishuang;wuyuequshehuaxin,shixingfeiyang。ciwuzhejieshengzhihaiye。”tarenweirendeshijue、tingjue、xiujue、weijuehesixiang,doucunzaiyuwangdeyaoqiu,duizheixieyuwangyinggaishunqiziran,manzutamendeyaoqiu。tongshiyingbawohaochidu,juebunengfangzong。yinweirenheshiwudoushixiangduide,bawobuhaochidujiurongyihuaxianglingyijiduan。ruguofangzongzijideyuwang,jiuhuichuxian“shixing”dexingwei,zhaozhihuoduanhuoniangchengjibing。suoyizhiyoujiezhishiyucaiyouzhuyujiantiqiangshen。zhuangzidejieyuqiangshenguandianshiwoguogudaiyangshengjiadezhongyaosixiangzhiyi,duiwomenjintiandeyangshengbaojianrengjuyouzhongyaodezhidaoyiyi。

zhuangzihaitebieqiangdiao“renyubukebao,yibukezong”,zongyubizhaohuoranbing。shaoxingyubuhuisunjingshangshen,jieshiyubuhuilaoqishangshen,guadeyubuhuijilvshangxin。

le guan

zhuangzirenwei,renshengzaishiyaoleguanhuoda,tacengxingxiangdibiyushuo,shuizelideyehe,shibuyizhuo,baibuyiyin,xiaoyaozide,qingxuleguan,yinzhideyibaosheng;erlongzhongdeniaoer,yuyuguahuan,yizhixiaochen,yumaoqiaocui,ditoubuming,yinzhinanyiquansheng。

zhuangziduirenshengtaidudebagezi,gaodugaikuoletadeyangshengsixiang。woguodaojia、rujia、fojiadengduojiaxueshuozhong,doutidaodiaoshensheshengdeshouyaosixiangshijingyang,erjingyangdeguanjianshiyangxin。xinjingzeshenqing,xindingzeshenning,xinshenqingming,jiuhuishirentiqixuechongyingershenjiantikang。

woguozuizaodezhongyidianji《huangdineijing》congyixuejiaodutichuledanbozhixinduiyurentiyangsheng、fangbingdezuoyong。renmenyingbimianzaoshouziranjiedesishibuzhengzhiqideqinxi,jingshenshangyingbaochidanbo、tanran、guayudezhuangtai,zheiyangcainengshirentidezhenqizhengchangyunxing,jingshenerqicainenggushouyutinei。baochiqingjing、tiandanerxuwuzhixin,paichusixinzanian,zhuanyicongshigongzuohexuexihuozijixiaideshiqing,caineng“shenqineishou”,shenxinankang。zhuangzideleguansixiangshizhangshoudeyidayaosu。yixueyanjiubiaoming,yigerendexinggeyushentishifoujiankanghesuoshengjibingyouzhemiqiedeguanxi。xinggejiji、leguanderenbuyihuanjingshenbing、manxingbinghuozhongdajibing,jishihuanbingyenengyinjingshenyinsuerjiaokuaikangfu,danbuliangxinggeduirentidejiankangyouhendadeyingxiang,rongyishirenhuandanao、neizang、jingshenfangmiandejibing。zhuangzizhuzhangguayushifuhezhongyiyangshengguanniande。qibazirenshengtaiduzhijinduiwomenrengshenyoujiaoyi。

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